Pakistan is undoubtedly a blessed nation with natural deserts and mountains along with four seasons. With a swift drive by the present Government to improve tourism in Pakistan, these natural blessings could prove to be a golden opportunity to lift the national economy out of loans. Pakistan possesses everything to become the most tourist-favorite destination in the world. The country offers the highest mountain peaks, deserts, coastal lines, deep sea, and much more that are fascinating for tourists.
ALLAH Almighty has blessed Pakistan with countless natural blessings that could promote tourism at unprecedented levels. Several areas are around in different provinces that could attract thousands of tourists on a regular basis. If we take this number annually, then the number of visitors and revenue will be mind-blowing.
Pakistan is a country that offers a beautiful desert landscape covering almost 10% land area of the country. These deserts are home to several rare animal, bird, and insect species found in deserts. These barren lands are also a kind of place that offers a haven-like oasis. Business World brings the opportunity to enlighten your knowledge bank by offering crucial information about several notable deserts in Pakistan, such as:
- Thal Desert
- Thar Desert
- Kharan Desert
- Cholistan Desert
The landscape of the Thal desert is mostly dry, bushy, and wild. It is located in several districts, including Jhang Bhakkar, Khushab, Mianwali, Layyah, and Muzaffargarh, covering a land area of almost 300 kilometers in length. The desert offers scenic views, sand dunes, local communities following thousands of years old traditions.
The interesting fact about the Thal desert is that it is not completely a desert. Its land is irrigable and local farmers use some part of the land to grow local species of green chickpeas. The desert is now also irrigated with canals offering an opportunity to the local population to improve their living standards. With such project’s cultivation of cotton, wheat, rice, and sugarcane has increased to the manifold. Forest area has also been increased due to better availability of water.
The visitors may also find some drought-proof herbs, shrubs, and trees that are native to the land. One of the most notable aspects of the desert is the delivery of water through the Thal canal developing to bring water to the rural areas for agriculture and other purposes.
Thar desert is one of the largest deserts in Pakistan. The desert share area both in Pakistan and India. It is also the 16th largest desert in the world, covering a land area of about 200,000 square kilometers in India and Pakistan. Almost 85% part of the desert lies in India, and 15% area lies in Pakistan. It is the only sub-tropical desert of Pakistan.
The Thar desert sands were formed about 2.5 billion years ago. The surface consists of wind-deposited sand that has been accumulating for 1.8 million years. The desert presents a rippling surface with high and low sand dunes along with barren plains. The surface is riddled with small barren hills or also called Bhakars rising abruptly from the surrounding plains. The dunes continually shift from one place to another with desert winds. The sand dunes may rise to almost 500 feet at a time, but this height is not permanent as winds do not let the height of the dunes remain the same.
The Thar desert in summers remains hot, windy, and dry. In winters, the temperature drops to almost 5 to 10 degrees centigrade. May and June are the hottest months, with temperatures soaring to almost 50 degrees centigrade.
The word the Cholistan is derived from the Turkish Word “Chol,” meaning desert. The Cholistan desert is located in Bahawalnagar, Rahim Yar Khan, and Bahawalpur Districts, covering a land area of about 25,000 square kilometers. The length-wise stretch of the desert is around 450 kilometers and 30 to 190 kilometers in width. The major features of the desert include flat alluvial plains and small-sized sandy dun. The whole desert is barren with less vegetation and is resultantly subject to erosion.
The Cholistan desert is, also known as Rohi in native terms, lies in the West of the Thar desert. As per studies, it is evident that the present Cholistan was once watered by the Hakra river and was home to the Indus Valley civilization in around 4,000 B.C. until 600 B.C. Later, different consequences changed the flow of the river and ultimately vanished from above the surface. Since then, the desert has been nothing but a wasteland proving not fit to support the human population.
The soil reflects the area riddled with gypsiferous, alkaline, and saline. Frequently shifting sand dunes could be witnessed in the area with an average height of about 300 feet. The desert is also subject to erosion. The maximum temperatures range from 40-degree centigrade to a minimum of 2 degrees centigrade. Rain is also negligible in the area of about 100 to 200 mm in the area.
Most of the area is barren, unfit for most of the pant growth except native vegetation like trees, herbs, and shrubs. Almost 130 plant species exist in the Cholistan, along with 89 genera and 24 families. Government-backed “Dingarh’ forest was also developed by the Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources (PCRWR), covering almost 100 hectares of land area. The wildlife comprises almost migratory birds such as Houbara Bustard.
The culture of Cholistan is quite beautiful in its entirety, presenting scenic views of sandy dunes. The culture of the area is also popular with the distinction of men wearing bright-colored turbans and women wearing bright-colored clothes with separate embroidery. High-quality carpet wool is also produced that is famous all over Pakistan. Seraiki language is dominant as the desert lies in Southern Punjab, where Siraeki is considered as a native language. The most famous landmark is the Derawar Fort showcasing the heritage of several conquests in the region.
The Kharan Desert, also called Sandy Desert, is the largest desert located in North West Balochistan and one of the largest in Pakistan, covering an area of about 20,000 kilometers with a 0.23 million population. Vast isolated plains are major features of the desert, and so it was used for nuclear blast detonations in 1998.
The frequently shifting sand dunes are one of the main characteristics of the region. The height of the dunes is around 14 to 29 meters. Dry and treacherous plains cover the vastness of the Kharan Desert.
The famous deserts of Pakistan are an asset of the country, providing a vast land with thousands of years of traditions and culture that are its distinct features. For more of such informative blogs at Sky Marketing, please also read Green Palms Gwadar and Makkah City Gwadar.