Top 15 Most Beautiful Mountain Ranges in Pakistan can be found in Asia with the highest, grandest, and most revered mountain. Asia is a vast continent with many mountain ranges, but none rival the sub-continent ranges of the Himalayas, Karakoram, and the Hindu Kush, often collectively referred to as the Great Himalaya.
Mainly, out of the 14 highest peaks of the world, four are in Pakistan, notably in Karakorum Mountain Range. Additionally, there are hundreds of peaks in Pakistan that are above 7000 meters.
Besides the Karakorum, Himalayas, the Hindu Kush, and Nanga Parbat are Pakistan’s most famous mountain ranges. All of these mountains add more amazement to the scenic beauty of landscapes.
Most Prominent Mountain Ranges in Pakistan:
Following is the list of Top 15 Most Beautiful Mountain Ranges in Pakistan presented by the Business World.
- Karakoram Mountain Range
- Himalayas Mountain Range
- Hindu Kush Mountain Range
- Sufaid Koh and Waziristan Hills
- Hindu Raj Mountain Range
- Suleman-Kirthar Mountain Range
- Chogori/K-2 Mountain Range
- Nanga Parbat Mountain Range
- Makran Mountain Range
- Rakaposhi-Haramosh Mountain Range
- Ras Koh Mountain Range
- Salt Range Mountain Range
- Margalla Hills
- Toba Kakar Mountain Range
- Gasherbrum Mountain Range
Note: Hindu Kush, Himalayas, and the Karakoram are the biggest mountain ranges in Pakistan.
Karakoram Mountain Range:
Among the Top 15 Most Beautiful Mountain Ranges in Pakistan, the Karakoram is a large mountain range extended with the borders of Pakistan, China, and India. It is the second-highest mountain range globally and home to K2, the second tallest mountain in the world.
The total area of this mountain range is 77,154 square km. The highest point of the Karakoram Range is K2, which is 8,611m high. The width is 200 km, and the length is 500 km.
The climate of Karakoram is semi-arid and severe. The southern slopes are exposed to the moist monsoon winds from the Indian Ocean, while the northern slopes are extremely dry.
Mountain Regions in the Karakoram:
Following are the other mountain regions that lie in the Karakoram:
- Batura Muztagh
- Spantik-Sosbun Mountains
- Hispar Muztagh
- South Ghujerab Mountains
- Baltoro Muztagh
- Saltoro Mountains
- Siachen Muztagh
- Rimo Muztagh
- Saser Muztagh
Notable Mountain in the Karakoram:
There are several prominent mountains in Karakoram:
- Gasherbrum I
- Gasherbrum II
- Gasherbrum III
- Broad Peak
Himalayas Mountain Range:
The Himalayas range is home to many of the world’s highest peaks, including Mount Everest, the highest mountain in the world above sea level.
The total area of this mountain range is 1,089 million square km. The highest point of the Himalaya Range is Mont Everest / Chomolungma, which is 8,848m high. The width is 150km (East) – 350km (West), and the length is 2,400 km.
It is about 2400 km long, and it runs through Nepal, Bhutan, China, India, and Astor District in Gilgit Baltistan, Pakistan.
The Western Himalayan Range is situated in Kashmir valley and Northern Pakistan, to the south and east of the Indus River, and is dominated by the Nanga Parbat mountain range. It is certainly the world’s 9th highest and the “killer” mountain. Additionally, Nanga Parbat lies at the highest peak of the western Himalayas.
The Himalayas has a wide range of climates because of its vast size, huge altitude range, and complex topography. These climates range from subtropical in the foothills to dry, desert conditions on the Tibetan side of the range.
Mountain Regions in the Himalayas:
Following are the other mountain regions that lie in the Himalayas:
- The Greater Himalaya
- Lesser Himalaya
- Outer Himalaya
Notable Mountain in the Himalayas:
There are several prominent mountains:
- Mount Everest
- Mount Kanchenjunga
- Mount Lhotse
- Mount Makalu
- Mount Cho Oyu
- Mount Dhaulagiri
Hindu Kush Mountain Range:
The Hindu Kush, located in central Asia, is a tough mountain range. It is the hub to several of the world’s highest peaks outside the Himalaya and Karakoram ranges. The highest point is Tirich Mir, which reaches an amazing height of 7,780 m above sea level.
With exceptional topography, wildlife, and scenery, visiting and hiking in the Hindu Kush is truly a once-in-a-lifetime experience. It is a 966 km long Hindukush Mountain Range located in the northwest of Pakistan that intersects both Afghanistan and Pakistan.
The total area of this mountain range is 154,488 sq km. The highest point of the Hindu Kush Range is Tirich Mir, which is 7,780m high. The width is 240km, and the length is 800km.
The climate varies in the eastern and western sides of the mountain range. Most of the eastern parts of the range rise at the extreme western limit of monsoonal Asia, meaning it experiences rainy and snowy summers (July-September) and dry winters.
The western and central Hindu Kush border is on a Mediterranean climatic zone characterized by hot, dry summers and wet or snowy winters (December-early March).
Mountain Regions in the Hindu Kush:
Following are the other mountain regions that lie in the Hindu Kush region:
- Western Hindu Kush
- Central Hindu Kush
- Eastern Hindu Kush
Notable Mountains in the Hindu Kush:
There are several prominent mountains:
- Tirich Mir
- Saraghrar Peak
- Udren Zom
Sufaid Koh and Waziristan Hills:
The Sufaid Koh and Waziristan Hills, also known as the White Mountain range, lies at the Pakistan Afghanistan border.
The Koh-e-Safaid Ranges have an east-west trend and rise to an average height of 4,761 meters (15,620 feet). They are commonly covered with snow. Sikeram, the highest peak in Koh-e-Safaid Ranges, rises to 4,760 m. Similarly, the elevation of Waziristan Hills ranges from 1,500 and 3,000 m.
In Pashto, this mountain is called “Spin Ghar.” The closest cities to this mountain range include Parachinar, Kurram District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province of Pakistan, and Jalalabad, Gardez, Paktia, and Khost in Afghanistan.
Additionally, during the Shandur Polo Festival, many climbers, trekkers, and passionate hikers visit the Polo Ground. It is opposite the Kabul River. The Khyber Pass crosses a branch of the range.
However, the lower slopes are nearly barren; pine and deodar previously grew on the main range but got damaged during the Afghan civil war reduced timber resources. Also, the valley supports certain agricultural growth.
Hindu Raj Mountain Range:
The Hindu Raj is a secondary range of the Hindu Kush located between the Hindu Kush and the Karakoram Ranges. PakPeak Koyo Zom 6872 (22,546 ft) is its highest peak of the Hindu Raj Range. It is called Mont Blanc of Pakistan and is located in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Gilgit-Baltistan provinces.
PakPeak Falaksher is the second highest peak of Hindu Raj. It lies south of Gilgit and southeast of Chitral, between the River Ushu and Indus.
Furthermore, Hindu Raj Mountain Range is less popular in the tourist community as it lacks major peaks above 7000 meters.
Notable Mountain Peaks in Hindu Raj:
The notable peaks of the Hindu Raj Range are:
- Buni Zom
- Ghamubar Zom
- Gul Lasht Zom
Sulaiman Mountain Range:
The Sulaiman-Kirthar Mountain Ranges are located in northern Balochistan and Zabul province of Afghanistan. The Mountain range extends south of the Gomal River and lies between Balochistan Plateau and the Indus Plains. While reaching the Murre-Bugti Hills, they turn northward and extend up to Quetta.
Further south, they meet the Kirthar Mountains that merge into the Kohistan area of Sindh. The Sulaiman Mountains rise to an average height of 600 m that decreases southward. Takht-e-Sulaiman or Solomon’s Throne (3,487 m or 11,437 feet) and Takatu (3,470m) are the highest peaks of the Sulaiman Ranges.
Sulaiman-Kirthar Range in Pakistan is the 4th major mountain range. It appears in the southwestern region of the country, mostly covering Baluchistan Province. However, the mountain range is quite different from the Northern Mountains as it is with medium elevations.
Chogori/K-2 Mountain Range:
Among the Top 15 Most Beautiful Mountain Ranges in Pakistan, Chogori/K-2 is the world’s second-highest peak (28,251 feet [8,611 meters]), second only to Mount Everest. K-2 is located in the Karakoram Range and lies partly in a Chinese-administered enclave of the Kashmir region within the Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang, China, and partly in the Gilgit-Baltistan portion of Kashmir under the administration of Pakistan.
K-2 is lying to frequent and severe storms that make the already unfaithful climbing conditions on its slopes even more challenging – and humans find functioning at such high elevations difficult – it is one of the world’s most difficult mountains to climb.
Although there have been fewer deaths on K2 than those on Mount Everest, the proportion of those killed to the number of people who have attempted climbing K2 is significantly higher.
Nanga Parbat Mountain Range:
Nanga Parbat is also recognized as “Diamer,” it’s globally the ninth-highest mountain with a total height of 8,126 meters (26,660 ft) above sea level. The name ‘Nanga Parbat’ is taken from the Sanskrit word” nanga parvata,” which means naked mountain.
It covers 120 mi (190 km) in length, and width covers 12 to 24 mi (19 to 39 km). It is one of the most famous mountain ranges in Pakistan for being the most difficult climb, and for more than 30 climbers perished.
The range is situated in the Diamer District of Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan. It’s situated at the western side of the Himalayas range, the northern side of Pakistan, and south of the Indus River in the Astor District.
Makran Mountain Range:
The Makran Range is a mountain range in the Makran region situated in the southwestern section of Balochistan Province, in southwestern Pakistan.
It is one of three ranges in the mountain ranges system. The mountain range’s peaks are 2,000–3,000 meters (6,600–9,800 ft) in elevation.
Additionally, Mirani Dam across the Dasht River forms a reservoir in the range to provide irrigation water in the region and drinking water for Gwadar.
Rakaposhi-Haramosh Mountain Range:
Rakaposhi is a mountain in the Karakoram mountain range in the Gilgit-Baltistan territory of Pakistan. Its front side is situated in the Bagrote valley, Nagar valley, and danyor, approximately 100 km (62 mi) north of the city of Gilgit.
They are exclusively located in the Bagrot Valley Gilgit and Nagar Districts, in the Gilgit-Baltistan of Pakistan. They are bordered by Barpu and the Chogo Lungma Glaciers in the north, the Shigar River in the east, the Gilgit and Indus Rivers in the south, and the Hunza River in the west.
The two namesake peaks, Rakaposhi (7,788 m/25,551 ft) and Haramosh (7,409 m/24,308 ft) are among the largest in the world in terms of rising above local terrain due to their positions near very low valleys.
Similarly, Rakaposhi escalates dramatically above a bend in the Hunza River, forming the western anchor of the range. At the same time, Haramosh stands on the north side of the Indus River, in the south-central portion of the range.
Ras Koh Mountain Range:
Ras Koh Mountains are located in Chagai District, the heart of the Balochistan province of Pakistan. The whole meaning of ‘Ras Koh’ word Ras Koh is taken from the Balochi language that means the Gateway to the Mountains.
Ras Koh hills had an average elevation of 600 meters, whereas, in areas, the elevation reaches up to 3,000 meters. It lies in between the northern side of the Sulaiman Mountains and southwest of the lower Kirthar Mountains.
Ultimately, its granite hills are part of the Sulaiman Mountains. The Ras Koh range is barren, and without vegetation, so most people lived a nomadic life, raising sheep, goats, and camels.
Salt Range Mountain Range:
The Salt Range is a hill system in the Punjab province of Pakistan, originating its name from its extensive rock salt deposits. The range extends along the south of the Potohar Plateau and the north of the Jhelum River.
It has a total length of 186 miles (300 km) from east to west, and the total width is 5 to 19 miles in the central and eastern parts. Sakesar Mountain, with 4,992 feet (1,522 m), is the highest point of the salt range.
The Salt Range comprises a series of hills and low mountains between the Indus and Jhelum rivers, located in the northern part of the Punjab region of Pakistan.
The range also consists of great salt mines, including Khewra, Kalabagh, and Warcha; besides this medium quality coal, gypsum, and other minerals are also found. The famous lakes of the salt range comprise Khabeki Lake, Namal Lake, and Uchhali Lake.
The mountain range lies in the capital of Pakistan, Islamabad. Margalla hills are on the 9th on the list. They are located at the foot of the Himalayan Mountain Range and spread over 12,605 hectares, and connect with the Murree hills.
In between the massive hills of Margalla, there is a Margalla National Park along with the tourist spot Pir Sohawa that is known for its attractive beauty and pleasant climate. The highest peak in Margalla hills is Tilla Charouni, at an elevation of 1,604 meters.
Toba Kakar Mountain Range:
The Toba Kakar Range is in the southern part of the Hindu Kush Mountain Range, situated in Baluchistan. The mountain range increases media attention after the workplace for the preparation of nuclear weapons in Pakistan.
Moreover, Toba Kakar Range is situated at an elevation of 2,166 meters above sea level. The mountain range is more significant as it covers minerals in its segment.
Gasherbrum Mountain Range:
Gasherbrum is an isolated group of peaks located at the northeastern end of the Baltoro Glacier in the Karakoram mountain range. The peaks are located within the border region of Xinjiang, China, and Gilgit−Baltistan, Pakistan.
The mountain range contains three of the world’s 8,000-meter peaks (if Broad Peak is included). However, the word “Gasherbrum” is frequently appealed to mean “Shining Wall,” probably a reference to the highly visible face of Gasherbrum IV in Balti. Hence, it means “beautiful mountain.”
There are different subdivisions under Gasherbrum Mountain range, including Gasherbrum I, Gasherbrum ll, Gasherbrum lll, Gasherbrum IV, Gasherbrum V, Gasherbrum VI, Gasherbrum VII, and Gasherbrum Twins.
Top 15 Most Beautiful Mountain Ranges in Pakistan were the most famous mountain ranges in Pakistan, which are a big source to encourage tourism. If you are adventurous and love to climb mountains, then the ranges mentioned above are the best mountain ranges in Pakistan to visit.